Scientific Literature

  1. Roden R and Wu TC. How will HPV vaccines affect cervical cancer? Nat Rev Cancer 2006; 6(10):753-763.
  2. Mbulawa ZZA; Van Schalkwyk C; Hu NC; Meiring TL; Barnabas S; Dabee S; Jaspan H; Kriek JM; Jaumdally SZ; Muller E; Bekker LG; Lewis DA; Dietrich J; Gray G; Passmore JAS; Williamson AL. High human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence in South African adolescents and young women encourages expanded HPV vaccination campaigns. PloS ONE 2018; 13(1): 1-15.
  3. Ebrahim S; Mndende XK; Kharsany ABM; Mbulawa ZZA; Naranbhai V; Frohlich J; Werner L; Samsunder N; Karim QA; Williamson AL. High Burden of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection among Young Women in KwaZulu-Natal,South Africa. PLoS ONE 2016; 11(1): 1-10.
  4. Mbulawa ZZA; Coetzee D; Williamson AL. Human papillomavirus prevalence in South African women and men according to age and human immunodeficiency virus status. Infectious disease 2015; 15(459): 1-11.
  5. Schiffman M; Castle PE; Jeronimo J; Rodriguez AC; Wacholder S. Human papillomavirus and cervical cancer. Lancet 2007; 370:890-907.
  6. Bruni L, Albero G, Serrano B, Mena M, Gómez D, Muñoz J, Bosch FX, de Sanjosé S. ICO/IARC Information Centre on HPV and Cancer (HPV Information Centre). Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases in South Africa. Summary Report 17 June 2019.
  7. Botha MH and Dreyer G. Guidelines for cervical cancer screening in South Africa. South Afr J Gynaecol Oncol 2017; 9(1):8-12.
  8. Munoz N; Castellsague X; Berrington de Gonzalez A; Gissmann L. Chapter 1: HPV in the etiology of human cancer. Vaccine 24S3 2006; S3/1-S3/10.
  9. Dillner J; Arbyn M; Unger E; Dillner L. Monitoring of human papillomavirus vaccination. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 2010; 163:17-25.
  10. Miranda PM; Silva NNT; Pitol BCV; Silva DCG; Lima-Filho JL; Carvalho RF; Stocco RC; Becak W; Lima AA. Persistence or Clearance of Human Papillomavirus Infections in Women in Ouro Preto, Brazil. Biomed Research International 2013; 57826:1-6.
  11. Ramanakumar AV; Goncalves O; Richardson H; Tellier P; Ferenczy A; Coutlee F; Franco EL. Human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16, 18, 31, 45 DNA loads and HPV-16 integration in persistent and transient infections in young women. BMC Infectious Diseases 2010; 10:326-338.
  12. Sachan PL; Singh M; Patel ML; Sachan R. A study on cervical cancer screening using pap smear test and clinical correlation. Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing 2018; 5(3):337-341.
  13. Paavonen J. Human papillomavirus infection and the development of cervical cancer and related genital neoplasias. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2007; 11(2):3-9.
  14. Gage JC; Schifman M; Katki HA; Castle PE; Fetterman B; Wentzensen N; Poitras NE; Lorey T; Cheung LC; Kinney WK. Reassurance Against Future Risk of Precancer and Cancer Conferred by a Negative Human Papillomavirus Test. Brief Communication 2014; 106(8):1-4.
  15. Moscicki AB; Perkins RB; Saville M; Brotherton ML. Should cervical cancer screening be performed before the age of 25 years? J Low Genit Tract Dis 2018: 22:348-351.